The right to freedom of movement forms one of the cornerstones of the international human rights regime and the Lebanese legal system. It is a right that everyone ought to enjoy regardless of race, national origin, residence status, religion or any other criteria. Yet, an alarming 5% of people in Lebanon today do not enjoy this basic human right. Specifically, 250 000 Migrant Domestic Workers in Lebanon suffer from various degrees of restrictions on their freedom of movement. Those restrictions vary from limits on their right to go out of their employer's house outside of their work hours, to confiscation of passports, forced confinement, and official and unofficial restrictions on their ability to reside independently. This report closely examines the issue of restriction of the freedom of movement. Specifically, this report investigates the position of the law, both in the form of international treaties ratified by Lebanon as well as national legislation, on the restriction of MDWs freedom of movement. In doing so this report answers the following question: does the law warrant certain restrictions on MDWs freedom of movement? and if so under what conditions?
The Dom are an ethnic minority group who live in many countries of the Middle East. They suffer from strong discrimination, live in extreme poverty and have poor access to education. The study aimed at assessing the needs of the Dom, commonly known as “nawar” in Arabic. It was conducted with some 37 percent of Doms living in the areas of Beirut, Saida and Tyre, where the researchers estimate they represent some 3,000 people.
The following report explores child abuse and maltreatment and parental disciplinary approaches in three respective groups; Lebanese children, documented children of migrants, and undocumented children of migrants.
In doing so, this report is the first to focus on child protection risks in migrant populations in Lebanon. This research starts from the assumption that migrant children are at greater risk of being subjected to child abuse and maltreatment than their Lebanese counterparts.
The following report explores the incompatibility of recent decisions, by the General Security and the Ministry of Education regarding migrants and their children, with national and international legislation. In particular, the first part of this report analyzes a recent unpublished General Security decision whose impact has denied residency renewal for children of migrant workers belonging to category three and four. The second part of this report looks at a series of decisions by the Ministry of Education limiting the enrollment of non-Lebanese children to public and semi-private schools.